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* 11. 2. 1890, Idrija, Slovenia
† 26. 11. 1959, Ljubljana, Slovenia

mechanical engineer, constructor (aeroplane)

Aviation pioneer and founder of ski flights, he studied mechanical engineering from 1909 to 1914 at the Technical College in Prague. He manufactured models of aeroplanes since he was sixteen; in 1909, he constructed a glider; in 1910 the motor monoplane Racek; and in 1910/11, the biplane Libela, which the technical racer and pilot, Jan Čermak, also successfully flew. In 1911, he was appointed constructor in the industry, and participated in the design of the two-seater aeroplane »Taube« under Igo →Etrich, and in the design of one of the first aeroplanes with a closed cabin (Limousine). During World War I, he ran the construction bureau of the Hungarian aviation plant in Budapest, where they also manufactured planes for ground and above-water combat, and experimented with helicopters. After the war, he returned to Slovenia and tried to establish an aeroplane factory in Ljubljana. In 1922, he succeeded in manufacturing the light sports plane “Sraka”. In 1930, he constructed his most important plane, a sports two-seater with a single cabin, “Lojze” (60 kW, 200 km/h). Because a pilot had a fatal accident in this plane in 1934, B. gave up the production of aeroplanes and only experimented on helicopters (in the event of motor failure, the screw was believed to function as a brake).
After his withdrawal from the aircraft industry, B. established the company Avtomontaža (Car Assembly), and started producing motor vehicles. The factory mostly manufactured buses, and from 1936 onwards also the first Slovene car »Triglav«, which was based on the steam motor vehicle.
B. was an all-round sportsman, who actively participated in matches and acted as an organiser, mostly as a planner of sports devices. From 1934 onwards, he devoted himself to constructing ski jumps. In doing so, he was able to once again refer to his findings in aerodynamics. From civil engineering, he adopted the connection of straight and curved sections of jumping profiles exactly after the parabolic transition (clothoid). He constructed over a hundred ski jumps, including the one in Planica, where, according to his plans, the “mammoth ski jump” was realised, on which jumpers jumped 100 metres for the first time in 1936, and 120 metres in 1948. B. devoted his final study and construction to jumps around 150 metres. His work was continued by brothers Vlado and Janez Gorišek, who enabled ski flights over 200 metres.

24. 05. 2011 - Opening of CESA in Košice

On 25th May, 2011 we will open the Central European Science Adventure in Slovak Technical Museum in Košice. The game will be accessible for school groups till 30th June. For more info ...

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20. 04. 2011 - Opening of CESA in Budapest

On 4th May, 2011 we will open the Central European Science Adventure in Magyar Műszaki és Közlekedési Múzeum in Budapest. The game will be accessible for school groups ...

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